Charles Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope, (1753- 1816), politician and man of science.
Lord Stanhope is described as "The minority of one . . . the friend of trial by jury, liberty of the press, parliamentary reform, annual parliaments, habeas corpus act, abolition of sinecures, and of a speedy peace with the French Republic".
Charles, Earl Stanhope earned his title on 6 January 1795 when he found himself the sole supporter of his motion, in the House of Lords, against British interference in the internal affairs of France. On 4 February he chaired a meeting at the Crown and Anchor tavern to celebrate the acquittal of his sons' tutor Jeremiah Joyce at the previous year's treason trials. His speech to the meeting was published and widely circulated and it is likely to have been at this period that the medal was struck.
The tutor's case was connected to the London Corresponding Society and the acquittal of Tooke, Thelwall and Hardy.
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