Victories in the Peninsular War
Brown states-In 1807 a joint Franco-Spanish ultimatum had been delivered to the Portuguese demanding that they close their ports to Britain and declare war against her. On the 30th November General Junot at the head of a French army entered Lisbon and French and Spanish troops occupied key fortresses. By March 1808 the French had taken over the government of Spain. In May, a delegation from Spain asked for British help and were supplied with arms and money. It was on the 20th July that Wellesley landed at Corunna.
The war lasted from 1808 until 1814 and was really only one phase in the wars with France that had lasted from 1793 until 1815. In 1808 Sir Arthur Wellesley took command in Portugal and was created Viscount Wellington in 1809. He was successively created Earl, in 1812, Marquis 1812, and Duke in 1814. Wellington's avowed aim was 'the absolute evacuation of the Peninsular by the troops of France'.
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